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Microwave Ovens with Inverter Technology Really Cook

by Josh Kirschner on October 28, 2009
in Health and Home, Kitchen, Guides & Reviews, Time Savers
Rating: 5 Stars five stars

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kitchen with microwave ovenIf you’re like most of us, your microwave oven serves two main duties: boiling water and reheating leftovers. But wouldn’t it be great if rather than just taking up a chunk of space in your kitchen, you could actually rely on your microwave for cooking meals?

Cooking food successfully in a microwave is challenging because the magnetron, the element that cooks the food in most microwaves, can only deliver full power. Even when set to “50% power”, the microwave oven is actually going through cycles of delivering 100% power, followed by a period of no power.

Imagine if your regular oven worked this way! Instead of cooking a roast at 350 degrees, you’d cook it at 700 degrees for ten minutes, then take it out for ten minutes, and repeat over and over again until the meat is cooked. Good luck with that!

The Microwave Inverter Solution

inverter vs. conventional microwavesPanasonic and GE have microwave ovens on the market with something they call “inverter” technology, which aims to solve this problem. The inverter modulates the level of energy being transmitted by the oven to achieve a consistent level. So when you set 50% power, for example, you actually get a steady stream of 50% power for the entire cooking time. The result is more evenly cooked food, defrosting without cooked edges, and even the ability to keep foods warm until mealtime.

Update 6/13/13: Whirlpool AccuWave and KitchenAid Optimawave ovens use the same technology.

Panasonic NN-SD688SWe spent a few weeks with Panasonic’s NN-SD688S, a 1.2 cubic foot counter top model with 1300 watts, to see how it worked out. Using recipes from Panasonic’s site, including some produced by the prestigious Culinary Institute of America specifically for inverter microwaves, we made hollandaise sauce, fruit crisp, corn chowder, barbecued pulled pork and some other fun dishes.

What we found was that the microwave inverter performed surprisingly well for dishes that required slow cooking in moist environments, such as the hollandaise sauce (which can be tricky to do on the stove top) and pulled pork. Corn chowder worked fine as well, though it would have been just as easy on the stovetop and we didn’t like moving large bowls of boiling liquid in and out of the oven. Perhaps not surprisingly, the fruit crisp was a flop, with a soggy, raw-tasting topping and overcooked fruit underneath.


Based on our experiences, we could easily see using an inverter microwave in addition to our standard cooktop and range, especially during busy holiday times when we are trying to cook many dishes at once, while also keeping everything warm until serving time. It is a fast and clean way to steam vegetables, melt chocolate, braise meats or do any one of a number of occasional kitchen tasks that involve steady cooking and do not require browning.

So if you are purchasing a microwave, we recommend that you give inverter models strong consideration. All Panasonic models also recently received the Good Housekeeping Seal, which provides a two-year limited warranty against defects.


Where to Buy

Panasonic Inverter microwave ovens: Buy Now at

Whirlpool AccuWave microwave ovens: Buy Now on Best Buy

KitchenAid Optimawave microwave ovens: Buy Now on Best Buy


UPDATE 6/24/17: With Whirlpool and KitchenAid no longer making inverter models, Panasonic is the remaining brand of choice for this technology. The Panasonic NN-SD945S was our recent winner in our Best Microwave Oven review. Read the article to find out why and learn about our opinion on whether Panasonic's new "cyclonic wave" inverter oven technology is worth the extra cost.

How to Make Microwaves Even Better

(An open call to manufacturers)

Our experiment with microwave recipes, even those written specifically for Panasonic inverters, clearly revealed another long-standing design flaw with all microwave ovens. It turned our initial attempt at crumbled bacon for the corn chowder into charcoal, and curdled our first run of hollandaise. The culprit is the nonsensical decision to use a scale of “1” to “10” to set the power level, rather than setting a specific wattage.

This abstract power scale becomes a significant issue with microwave recipes because it requires the cookbook author to assume a certain wattage in developing the recipe (often 800 watts, sometimes not). However, microwave ovens vary significantly in wattage, from around 700 watts to about 1400 watts. So a 700-watt oven will take approximately twice as long on “High” as a 1400-watt one to provide the same amount of cooking. To compensate, the cook needs to convert those times for her own oven based on its wattage.

But this assumes the cook knows what the original wattage was when the recipe was written and the wattage of her own oven. And if you don't know your wattage, don't bother looking on the oven. Amazingly, many manufacturers don't even print the wattage on their ovens! Talk about trying to make things difficult for cooks! Algebra with unknown variables is not something that should be required in the kitchen...

The solution to this is simple, however, and just requires one manufacturer to make the common-sense leap forward to allow all of their ovens to be set based on wattage delivered. This is the same logic that allows us to set our regular gas and electric ovens to 325 degrees, not “60% of the way around the blank dial”. Microwave recipes could then be written as “cook at 800 watts for five minutes”, which would be easy for a cook to apply for any oven from any brand.

Discussion loading

Interference with WIFI signals

From David Stoker on June 18, 2020 :: 1:20 pm

WE have a Panasonic microwave oven with Inverter technology, but have noticed that it interferes with WIFI in our home. It stops the signal to our TV and also to our cell phones. Would this be a malfunction in our oven?


Panasonic NN-CD87KSBPQ 1000W 34Litre

From Linden Wong on September 06, 2020 :: 6:17 pm

My husband bought this microwave oven in July this year just as our 10 year old regular Panasonic 750 W was packing up. Due to space constraint we opted to purchase a tabletop microwave oven over a cooker - oven. I absolutely love using this little wonder. Pre heating is a breeze and cook time is drastically reduced. I never fail to be amazed by its energy efficiency. It’s particularly impressive when it comes to cooking using the Combi feature.


Seems too much like an

From Rodney Alan Armarego on September 08, 2020 :: 12:30 am

Seems too much like an advertisement.

To be believable it needs to have the bad points as well.. there are always some


Not an advertisement

From Josh Kirschner on September 08, 2020 :: 10:03 am

This is not an advertisement, sometimes we just really like a particular technology implementation. If you read our article on the Best Microwave Oven I do discuss some of the negatives of the Panasonic ovens themselves, notably with longevity issues on the inverter. Though, microwave reliability is a problem across the board with all brands.


I too am a fan

From Rodney Alan Armarego on September 08, 2020 :: 8:44 pm

I too am a fan of nation Panasonic inverter technology..

But if a review contains no bad points.. I distrust it.



From owen on September 08, 2020 :: 10:19 am

Kindly assist me with a capable firm that can repair my Microwavwe Oven Panasonic Model No:NN-C2003S.


Owen,Based in Potchefstroom,NW Province
065 994 1762


What, if anything, is the

From David Starr on October 08, 2020 :: 6:21 pm

What, if anything, is the difference between “inverter” & “cyclonic wave inverter”. If the latter is better, is it in all Panasonic inverter microwaves and in no other brands with inverters e.g. L G.?


Cyclonic is a way of distributing the waves inside the oven

From Josh Kirschner on October 13, 2020 :: 9:25 am

The inverter is a component of the microwave that reduces the power from the magnetron, enabling you to cook food more slowly. Both the standard Panasonic microwaves and the “cyclonic” use the same inverter technology. The “Cyclonic” feature is a means of distributing the waves more evenly inside the microwave, which Panasonic claims will result in more even cooking. So, Inverter reduces wave power, cyclonic distributes waves more evenly. I haven’t tested the cyclonic feature against a non-cyclonic oven, though I would expect benefits to be limited. Other brands may have a similar function to cyclonic, but call it something different than what Panasonic does.


A Cr*p microwave from a cr*p company

From richard baumer on October 10, 2020 :: 3:16 pm

Unlike Mr. Kirchner, I use the microwave for EVERYTHING. I do have a stove with an oven which I use every couple of months.  My Panasonic inverter MW is a nightmare to use.  You have to reduce the power level for everything except heating coffee and you have to reduce it more for ‘dense foods’.  No one can explain what a ‘dense food’ is.  I offered to send Panasonic a list of the microwave meals I normally eat and have them tell me whether they were dense or not and they told me they wouldn’t be able to tel!!!  The MW has been getting weaker lately and when I called Panasonic they suggested I drive it over to a repair facility in a nearby state!!!!  Unbelievable.  I intend to sell this one on Craig’s list for a dollar with appropriate warnings.


Some advice

From Josh Kirschner on October 13, 2020 :: 9:33 am

With “dense” foods, the microwaves will not penetrate as far, so you want to use lower power to allow time for the heat to carry into the interior of your food without overcooking the outside. Dense foods will typically be ones that contain a lot of water or are saucy (think dense lasagna vs less-dense broccoli). If you find this too complicated, you may want to just use the Panasonic’s autocook modes.

Any microwave from any brand will have these same issues. The difference is that Panasonic allows you to control the power of the microwaves in a much more precise manner. And if you are coming from an old, low-wattage microwave (maybe around 800 Watts) to a new 1250 Watt Panasonic, you will definitely see faster cooking.


G.E. was better.

From richard baumer on October 16, 2020 :: 2:29 pm

You work for Panasonic, don’t you.  The G.E. microwave I had before this one was better!  It matched the instructions provided on the meals I prepared. A big plus! As I have said before, This panasonic cooks unevenly and is getting weaker.  Fortunately, it is likely to break altogether soon and I will be able to defend buying another - not inverter - G.E. microwave.


Just got my Inverter model today

From Nancy Dubin on October 25, 2020 :: 2:44 pm

Great info. Funny but was looking for a converter chart for numbers 1-10 to approximate oven temps. First use on a side dish prepackaged food—box recipe says 1000 watts for 5 min.  Found an online conversion chart says 1200watts for 4 min 10secs.  Result was a bit of overflow on the glass dish. Upgraded model so I hope it might be door latch- my last microwave lasted 2 1/2 months!! First it arced, next day it blew a microwave safe dish to smithereens !!  Returned with no no problems. All my older microwaves were Panasonic soon just went back to them!


Declare wattage on recipes

From Robert on March 03, 2021 :: 2:28 pm

The article is spot on in stating that power levels, by themselves, are almost worthless.  A huge help would be if microwave recipes state the power wattage being used.  That would give the consumer some idea of any correction that needs to be made.

  A typical direction of “Microwave on high for 3 minutes” is meaningless.  What is so hard for the product to include the text such as “at 800 watts?”  There is room to add the text to the packaging.


Multi-step capability

From Jack Taylor on September 05, 2021 :: 12:18 pm

After many years of use, my old Sharp model has died. That one allowed selecting a sequence of stages. For example full power for 90 seconds followed by 20% power for three minutes would bring oatmeal to a boil and the cook it for three minutes without overflowing the bowl. I can not find that same sort of “steps” sequence being specifically noted on any but commercial models. Is that chaining together of steps available on most of the current middle to upper level homeowner models, say $200 -$300 (US)?


The Panasonic models have stage cooking

From Josh Kirschner on September 08, 2021 :: 9:20 am

The higher-end Panasonic models, such as our pick for the best microwave oven, have “Stage” cooking that will do what you’re describing.


Do Panasonic inverter microwave ovens have capacitors?

From Rodney Armarego on September 07, 2021 :: 12:22 am

Hi I’m trying to recover a Panasonic inverter the genius oven model number NN-T783SF 1200watt

Can someone please indicate you wear the capacitors are on this particular model from what I can see there doesn’t seem to be any capacitor there at all and I know that they are not hard to spot.

Any help gratefully accepted.


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