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Instagram 101: Understanding the Basics

by on June 15, 2020
in Photo / Video Sharing, Cameras and Photography, Computers and Software, Phones and Mobile, Tips & How-Tos, Tech 101 :: 28 comments

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Instagram can be a great platform for sharing and viewing memories with family and friends, content from your favorite public figures, and interesting products of businesses around the world. Based on the topics you are interested in, Instagram will personalize your explore page and feed. With more than 1 billion monthly users, it is easy to find content for virtually anything.

Your presence on Instagram can be as public as you would like. There is the option to make a private account, limiting the people that can interact with your page to followers you have given permission to. You can also create a public account and even choose to sponsor your posts to show up on other people’s feeds. This article will focus more on first-time Instagram users who want to engage with friends, family, and personal interests. 

How to get started on Instagram

Start off on Instagram by getting the free app from the Apple App Store or Google Play. When you first open the app, you’ll need to register by giving your email, creating a username and selecting a strong password.

Important Instagram terminology


Your username is how people recognize you on Instagram. When creating your account, you should be prompted to create a username. The name you choose follows the @ symbol and can include numbers, letters, periods and underscores. Your username appears on top of the content you post and your profile, as well as next to any comments or likes you leave. Your username is listed after the final slash of the URL that makes up your online Instagram address. For example, our Instagram username is @techliciousmedia and our online profile is located at Your username is NOT final and can be changed at any time.


Your Instagram profile is where you tell people who you are and what you like to post. When you click on the option “Edit your profile,” you can add your name as the heading of your bio and write whatever else about yourself you would like. You can add a link to another website, such as your social media profile on Twitter or Facebook. You may also choose a profile picture. This will appear at the top left of your profile, your posts, and any comments you write.

You can find your own profile page by choosing the rightmost tab on the bottom of your screen. Before you set a profile picture, the icon for this tab will appear as a white figure inside of a grey circle. This will later change to your chosen profile picture. On your profile, you’ll find all of the photos and videos you’ve shared and any photos other users have tagged you in (called “Photos of You”). You should also see Story Highlights underneath your bio. This will allow you to add any stories you have posted on your profile permanently.

Instagram profile

Public Account

This privacy setting means that anyone can view your posts and the photos people have tagged you in, even if they aren’t following you. You can set your account to either public or private under the Privacy section in Settings.

Private Account

When you activate the private account setting, people who aren’t following you can still find and see your profile (bio and user name) but won’t be able to gain access to your posts or the posts of you tab.


Posts are the photos and videos you choose to share on Instagram. To create a post, select the plus sign tab at the bottom of the screen and choose up to ten photos or videos from your phone’s library or take one with the app. Then, you have the option to clip videos, edit photos, and add filters. Before sharing, you can write a caption, tag other users, set a location, or link your post to another social media site.

Instagram Post


Stories are similar to posts, yet they disappear after 24 hours. You can view others’ at the top of the home screen, or by visiting a user’s profile and pressing on their profile picture when it has a hot pink circle around it. If you would like to post your own story, you can swipe right on your home screen. To see it afterward, press on your own profile picture.

Story Highlights

Story highlights allow you to take your past stories and make them a permanent part of your profile. You can organize separate stories together. For example, I have seen people make story highlights with photos from a recent vacation or special event. When you visit your profile, you should be prompted to add Story Highlights underneath your bio.


Hashtags are used to give context to your post or comment. They can help other users discover your posts when they search on Instagram, but only if your account is public. If you are looking to have more engagement with your profile, you need to create effective hashtags by referencing popular words or short phrases related to your content or account. For example, if you shared a post of you hanging out with friends, you could use the hashtags #friendsforever or #gamenight. When you are crafting a post and put in a hashtag, you will be able to see how many other posts have been made using the same hashtag. Some hashtags may have millions of posts using them, whereas others may have few to none. Using popular hashtags will increase the chances of people finding your post. You can find other users’ posts by hashtag when searching in the Explore section or by clicking any hashtag in the caption or comments of a post.

Instagram hashtags


This term has two meanings. The first is when you post a picture or video that someone appears in or was present for. You can choose the “tag people” option to do this when sharing content.

Instagram tagged photo

The other meaning of tagging is when you comment on a photo or video and you want to address one or more users directly. To do this, you write your comment and write @ with their username following it. As soon as you write an @, a drop-down list of the people you follow should appear below, narrowing down as you type out more of someone’s username. This will direct the user you tag to the post and allow them to view it

.Instagram tagged post

If you do not want your user to appear tagged in the posts, stories, or comments of certain accounts, you can manage your preferences in the Privacy section of your account settings.

Direct Message

Instagram Direct lets you send other accounts’ posts and personal messages to as many people as you would like. To share another user’s post, simply press on the paper airplane symbol and choose which profiles or group you want to send to. You may also include a message along with whatever you send. If the account you are sharing is private and the receiver(s) does not follow said account, they will not be able to see what you share. On the home screen in the top right corner, there is another paper airplane symbol. When you tap the symbol, the screen shows direct messages that you have sent or received. You can go back to a direct post at any time unless the sender deletes it.

Instagram direct messaging

To send a new direct post, tap the top right corner where you should see what looks like a pen and paper. Then, you can contact one person or choose multiple users to create a group chat. There is also the video chat feature at the top of the Direct page if you wish to communicate that way. However, this option is not used much in the Instagram community.

Explore Page

The Explore Page, represented by a magnifying glass, lets you see recommended or trending posts and stories. You can view content by topic using the filters at the top of the screen (e.g., Music, Humor, DIY, Shop). When you choose to search for something specific under the Top tab, your recent search history pops up, including the hashtags you use most often. The People tab allows you to search for other users by username or full name. The Tags tab allows you to search for posts with a particular hashtag. The Places tab lets you look up posts made in various locations.

Instagram Explore


When someone follows you, your posts become part of their feed (the home tab). If you make your account private, the person has to send you a follow request, which you can either accept or deny. If someone follows you, they may be able to see which posts you have recently liked or commented on in their Activity tab.

To follow someone, visit their profile and choose “Follow.” If this then becomes “Requested,” you are dealing with a private account. In this case, you will be notified when the user accepts.

Instagram follow account

To unfollow someone, go to their profile and click on the “Following” tab. From there, you can unfollow someone, mute their posts, or restrict their interaction with your account. These are good options if you want to reduce your contact without blocking someone.

To remove a follower, click on the number of followers you have on your profile. You can then remove any users you want without them being notified.


The news feed consists of recent posts of the users you follow. These will not necessarily be in chronological order, as Instagram uses a special algorithm to structure your feed. Every time you log into Instagram, you should be directed to the Home tab that houses your feed.


If you enjoy another person’s post—maybe it’s cute, funny or something you agree with—you can show it by liking it. You do this by double-tapping the post or by tapping the heart under the person’s post. If you accidentally liked a post, just press the now-red heart at the bottom of it again.[Image via Techlicious Instagram Feed]

Instagram like


To comment on someone’s post, press the speech bubble under the post, write your comment and then submit it. Keep in mind that comments are not anonymous, and people can report comments as inappropriate. IMPORTANT: Even with a private account, any comments you write are public.

Instagram comment

If you dislike an offensive or inappropriate comment that someone has made on your post, you can report or delete said comment. Instagram has recently rolled out a new feature that allows you to select multiple comments at once to delete, instead of having to go one by one. When you press on the speech bubble at the bottom of your post, you’ll be able to manage your comment section.


If you don’t want someone to have access to your pictures or be able to look up your account, block them by going to their profile, tapping on the ellipses in the top right corner, and choosing “Block.” You can undo this action at any time.

Instagram block

Activity Feed

This tab is shown by a black heart at the bottom of the screen. Notifications are organized in chronological order. If you are a private account, however, any incoming follow requests will be in a special section at the top of the screen. The Activity feed tells you if anyone has tagged you in a post or comment, commented on a post you were tagged in, commented on your posts or liked your posts. You may also see suggestions for accounts to follow.

IGTV (Instagram TV)

Normally, videos on Instagram are capped at 1 minute, but IGTV allows you to post videos of any length. Your followers can also engage with your IGTV videos differently; while only a preview will appear on their feed, they can choose to watch more and scroll through the video (a function not available on regular video posts). To create videos for IGTV longer than one minute, you need to capture and edit videos in another app because the Instagram video capture function will not allow you to surpass a minute. Once you select the video you want to post to IGTV, you can preview how it will look and add a cover photo, title, and description. You can find other IGTV creators in a tab on the explore page if you want to see what else is out there.


You may see a blue checkmark on the profiles of public figures, organizations, and brands. This symbol means that Instagram has verified the user’s identity and that what you are seeing is authentic content. Verification is reserved for users with a large following and has a certain status attached to it. At the same time, this doesn’t mean that unverified accounts aren’t genuine, and it is great to support smaller creators and brands who may not be eligible for verification. However, beware of fake accounts filled with seemingly-random posts and that follow thousands of users. These are most likely bots that can be bought in bulk for follows, comments, and likes.

How to make your Instagram account interesting

Your content can be an expression of your lifestyle, hobbies, career, family, and more. However, the quality of your posts is just as important as the information and events they capture. Many users opt to organize their posts by aesthetics and topic. Some may consistently post with a certain filter or specialize their content (e.g., an account showcasing your pet or latest cooking ventures). At the end of the day, it is most important to have clear, high-quality visuals and a clever caption to engage your audience, whether that is your friends and family or the public at large.

Updated on 6/12/2020

[Image credit: Instagram on phone via BigStockPhoto, screenshots via Techlicious]

Discussion loading

Instagram app doesn't work with older Android tablet

From Ginger Morgan on July 31, 2015 :: 12:33 pm

I have an Android tablet that has all kinds of room on it, but since it is not 4.4 or better, and DOES NOT HAVE Google Play on it (even tho its browser is Google (go figure!)), I cannot buy, beg, borrow or steal the Instagram app. Amazon will only allow the purchase of the newest version of the app. GetJar loads PadGram that still has to have the real IG app on your tablet (so why bother?) that you must be logged into to use PadGram… sheesh!
Would love to be able to get started with IG as a business/sales platform, but the bucks for newer tablets, etc. aren’t available.
What do poor folks do?


What tablet is it?

From Josh Kirschner on July 31, 2015 :: 2:20 pm

What tablet are you using? It should be upgradable either through official updates or by loading your own Android mod on it.


Android "mod"?

From Ginger Morgan on July 31, 2015 :: 2:56 pm

My tablet is so old and outdated that Polaroid doesn’t upgrade (probably never did).
Android 4.0.3

If you have any links that won’t fry it trying, I’d give it a shot. But I NEED this little ‘roid…



If you can't upgrade your

From Suzanne Kantra on July 31, 2015 :: 2:54 pm

If you can’t upgrade your tablet, you could try running BlueStacks (, which lets you run Android apps on your computer. Or for a bare bones uploader, you can try Gramblr ( You can create an Instagram account by selecting Sign In when you go to


IG on my computer?

From Ginger Morgan on July 31, 2015 :: 3:46 pm

I have been told that the only way to “run” and use IG on a computer is to have it running on your phone or tablet (which I do not and cannot), then open the website, sign in and etc. Does BlueStacks and Gramblr sidestep this?
Cool if it does work!
P.S. I bought IG thru Amazon (the only way I could get the app) and it refused to open or I couldn’t register an account. I went to the appstore to check and it wasn’t in my app list, so Amazon is refunding. Now hoping I can still get the name I want to use.
Figuring that the tablet is too old to be upgraded. I can maybe get a firmware upgrade, but not sure if I want to risk losing stuff.



From Ginger Morgan on July 31, 2015 :: 4:19 pm

BlueStack won’t work on my W XP SP2 computer (must be running SP3 - boop!) and that’s not an option for me (have upgraded 2 other old ‘puters to Service Pack 3 and got the Blue Screen of Death immediately, so am not going to lose ‘my life’s work’ again)(and yes I back up and use Dropbox, etc. etc. - I like having a computer that turns on reliably.)


Upgrade your operating System!

From Laura on August 02, 2015 :: 11:35 am

Hei buddy can’t you upgrade your system to a more recent OS ? I have been using this app without a problem on my pc with Windows 7.


From Deb on February 16, 2021 :: 11:37 pm

what is the 2 beside the user name in the photo near top


Hi Deb,The 2 you see

From Alanna Kirschner on February 17, 2021 :: 4:20 pm

Hi Deb,

The 2 you see in the top picture shows the number of notifications you have on your account. This could be a comment you were tagged in, a like on one of your pictures, or a direct message. You may also notice that Instagram recently came out with a new layout for the app. We will update this story soon to reflect these changes. Let me know if I can be of any more help.


Lower right below a picture

From Helen Shaw on February 05, 2017 :: 4:30 pm

Lower right below a picture that I post is an icon that looks like a flag. If I tap it, it turns black. What is that for?



From Sasquatch on March 29, 2017 :: 2:00 pm

That blackened flag indicates you’ve saved the photo. Later, when you’re looking at your own feed again, you can click the flag and see your own personally curated feed of photos you’ve saved. No one else sees this feed, just you. Very cool, really.


Instagram numbers

From Laura on February 18, 2018 :: 9:57 pm

Does anyone know what the number by the person icon in the upper left of the personal page mean?


what do the icons mean?

From codywohlers on April 02, 2018 :: 10:07 am

under a post is a heart icon (to like) and a speech bubble icon (to comment) on the left, and on the right is a half-envelope type icon.  What is that?


Posting on Instagram on my laptop - how?

From Elaine Dodge on June 07, 2019 :: 5:02 am

I need to be able to post onto Instagram via my laptop and I can’t figure out how to do that. Can anyone tell me how, please. I have found info that says click on the + sign on the left - there is no + sign.


You need to use "emulator" mode

From Josh Kirschner on June 07, 2019 :: 12:50 pm

Instagram doesn’t allow you to post from a regular desktop browser, but it does let you from a mobile browser. So, you have to trick Instagram into thinking you’re on a mobile device by having your desktop browser emulate a mobile browser.

Setting up browser emulation is actually pretty easy to do. For example, in Chrome, go to and then click on the Chrome Menu>More tools>Developer tools. The screen will now display a bunch of technical stuff on the right (which you can ignore), and on the left you should see your web window. At the top of the web window, you’ll see a dropdown that lets you set your browser to emulate various devices - laptops, Android devices, iOS devices. Pick a mobile device to emulate, click refresh, and the browser window will now look as it does on that device, including the + button to upload posts to Instagram.

There are other ways to do this, such as via scheduling apps like Buffer, but emulation may be the simplest.


Instagram posting issue

From Elaine Dodge on March 20, 2020 :: 2:07 am

Thank you, Josh


Emulator problems

From Miki Henry Landis on March 19, 2020 :: 4:55 pm

Don’t find any drop down on the left after I’ve gotten into the developer tools.  Any advice on where to find it?  Maybe a screen shot?  Thanks!


Weird Symbol

From Katrina on August 09, 2020 :: 6:01 pm

There is a weird symbol on one of my pics. It is not a sensitive content symbol, the pic of just of my face. The symbol looks like a crescent moon with a slash through it


Instagram Plus Tab

From Jim Loria on October 08, 2020 :: 6:50 am

My Plus Tab disappeared on my Instagram page. I cannot post a picture. There is a camera button in its place which My other two accounts do not have.  How do I get back the + Button?



From Jean on October 23, 2020 :: 4:58 pm

I’m just learning Instagram and received a reply with the following symbol:  ‼️  What does it mean?


Red number

From Terri on December 02, 2020 :: 10:16 am

What does the red number next to “techliciousmedia” mean? I have a 3 next to mine but have no idea what it means.


Notification indicator

From Josh Kirschner on December 03, 2020 :: 10:34 am

The little red circle and number next to your name is a notification indicator. It could be direct messages, etc.


Where is my saved post from my friend ?

From Amelia Johnson on January 17, 2021 :: 3:00 am

Yes I did have that email and you can leave it as is but email comment to my new email at [PERSONAL INFO REMOVED BY EDITOR] or I won’t receive it because I have a new email and phone thk you.


Unable to click on new messages

From Stephen Futledge on January 26, 2021 :: 9:02 am

I’m trying on the arrow on the upper right corner that allows you to access new messages but it won’t allow me to do it.  Please help,!


Business Insta account

From Robyn on February 17, 2021 :: 7:00 pm

I have a personal account and a business account under a multi account login.  I would like my daughter to be able to access my business insta account but it won’t let her. I created a business manager account and added her as an admin and still it won’t let he login. Do you have any knowledge about how to do this? Thank you



From Jamie on August 09, 2022 :: 8:25 am

I only opened this so that my son could have a way to communicate with me or I to him I can’t tell if he is getting my messages some of the ones I’ve sent have the arrow on the left and the others have nothing please help me understand.i just want to know if he is reading them


Hi Jamie! You can see

From Alanna on August 12, 2022 :: 3:05 pm

Hi Jamie! You can see if your son read your message by opening the chat you have with him. It will say “Seen” under your most recent message if he has.


what does it mean if someone puts their coutry flag, then airplane, then usa flag

From james on February 26, 2023 :: 12:27 pm

was wondering if on someones profile they have a korean flag, then airplane symbol, then usa flag.  what does that mean?


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