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Brain Training Apps that Really Work

posted by Elizabeth Harper on July 02, 2014 in Health and Home, Phones and Mobile, Mobile Apps, iPhone/iPad Apps, Health & Fitness, Guides & Reviews :: 5 comments

woman working on computerThere are lots of books, programs, and games out there that claim to train your brain for better memory and increased cognitive performance. And while we do like the idea of playing a game every day to improve our brain power, we have to wonder if these programs live up to their lofty claims. So we went to an expert to find out if a brain-training game could really help make us smarter.

We spoke with Dr. Majid Fotuhi, a neurologist who chairs the Neurology Institute for Brain Health and Fitness. He's written the book "The Memory Cure" and just finished writing a new book, "Boost Your Brain." "The bottom line is this," Dr. Fotuhi tells us, "these games are helpful, but they're only a part of what you need to do in order to have a stronger brain. It's a mistake for people to think they're going to do these games and that's it, their brain is upgraded." But there has been research to indicate that cognitive training can work, including the IMPACT (Improvement in Memory with Plasticity-based Adaptive Cognitive Training) study out of the University of Southern California's Leonard Davis School of Gerontology.

So what should we do to really boost our brainpower? "Physical fitness is one of the most important things for brain health," says Fotuhi. If you want to dedicate time to improving your brain's health, he says these are the most important things to do for children, adults, and seniors:

  1. Vigorous physical exercise. This, Dr. Fotuhi tells us, is 80% of it. So if you want to help your brain, be sure you're not playing brain training games on the couch: whatever your favorite physical activity is, make sure you're doing something to work up a sweat regularly.
  2. Memory exercises. "If you want to be sharper, you want to maintain the memory part of the brain (the hippocampus)." So if you're playing any kind of brain training game, look for something that requires you to remember names, faces, or other information to boost those brain muscles.
  3. Meditation and breathing exercises. Just spending 15 minutes a day will not only help you relax and destress, but also improve your brain's health by decreasing brain excitement.
  4. Ingest more omega-3 (DHA). You'll find these in fish oil pills—or you can get them by including more fish in your diet—and scientific research suggests they have a number of health benefits, including improving your brain health

If you're looking for a brain training program, Dr. Fotuhi recommends looking for a program that you enjoy, works your memory, provides plenty of variety to stimulate your brain and is challenging enough to work your mental muscles. How much time you spend will depend on how much improvement you want to see, but the average person should make brain training a daily habit of 15 to 20 minutes.

With that in mind, let's look at our picks for best brain training apps. All of these are designed with science in mind and they provide the variety and challenge Dr. Fotuhi recommends. So if you're looking to do more to flex those mental muscles, these are great places to start.

Lumosity

LumosityThink of Lumosity as a gym for your brain. The Lumosity website and app features a series of online games that have been specifically designed to boost your brain muscles, improving memory, speed, problem solving, attention and flexibility—core cognitive abilities that Lumosity says will help you with practical problems like remembering names and even driving better. Lumosity personalizes your training program based on how you're performing and what you want to improve and gives you a daily routine of different brain games to help improve performance in your target areas. With over 35 million users, who range from the ages of 8 and 108, Lumosity is definitely a popular choice in the brain training field.

"Lumosity takes what I refer to as an open science approach," says Dr. Joe Hardy, Lumosity's Vice President of Research and Development. "We make our software available for research partners all over the world to use in studies they're doing to understand better what kinds of games are effective for what types of outcome. We're working with researchers at most of the top universities in the US, including places like Harvard, Stanford, and Berkeley." If you want to know the details of Lumosity's scientific credibility, they keep completed and ongoing research results online.

If you want to get started, there's a free trial, but after that Lumosity has a monthly subscription fee—$11.95 per month if you pay month to month, but with deep discounts if you pay for a year or more up front. A 1-year subscription will average out to $4 a month and a 2-year subscription will cost you $3 a month, and if you decide to make a lifetime commitment to Lumosity, you can pick up a lifetime subscription for $239.96.

Lumosity is available on iTunes, Google Play and on Lumosity.com.

Fit Brains

Fit BrainsIf you like the idea of brain training, but Lumosity feels too much like a visit to your doctor's office—by which we mean not very fun—you might want to check out Fit Brains. Like Lumosity, Fit Brains aims to improve your mental performance by running you through a series of brain games that are selected to help you improve areas you're weaker in. However, unlike Lumosity, Fit Brains feels a lot more like a video game, which may be just what you need to stay motivated and on track. And as you play Fit Brains games, they'll become more difficult, so you're always getting a challenging brain workout.

You can create an account and start training with Fit Brains for free, but to unlock all the games, you'll need to pay a monthly subscription fee. If you pay month to month, Fit Brains is the pricier option at $19.95 a month. But if you pay for a year up front, it averages out to $8.33 a month and for a two-year subscription, you'll pay $6.25 a month. There's also a lifetime subscription option for $399.95.

Fit Brains is available on iTunes, Google Play or FitBrains.com.

Brain Workshop

Brain WorkshopIf these options all sound pricey, Brain Workshop may be more your speed. Though it doesn't offer a variety of games or a personalized program like Lumosity and Fit Brains, this open source application is entirely free for Macs and Windows PCs.

Brain Workshop is what's called a dual N-back game, a type of memory game that recent studies suggest can improve short term memory and fluid intelligence. The game—which closely replicates the experience of the original study—requires you to remember a series of spoken letters accompanied by squares in specific positions on the screen. As new squares and accompanying letters pop up, you have to say if they match the previous ones. The system is configurable to make it more or less difficult and also includes statistics tracking so you can monitor your improvement.

Hopefully one of these options is a good fit for you. Happy brain training!

Updated on 7/2/2014 with pricing changes and new app information

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Brain Games

From Sharon on March 05, 2014 :: 1:20 pm

I LOVE Luminosity!  I had dappled with their free account for about 6 months last year which gave me limited access. Had an “ah hah” moment when I realized that there is a family history of mental illness on my father side & dementia on my mother side. At 56, I stopped dappling, & made it part of my daily routine. I have seen a difference in memory, focus & concentration. Last month I took advantage of a 30% off special & took out a family membership. Now my son ( recently diagnosed with schizophrenia), my grown daughter (new college student @ 30 something)& 2 oldest grandchild ( ages 15 & 11)  all play brain games.

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Can Brain Workshop work on Win 7?

From mary on April 11, 2014 :: 1:03 am

The Brain Workshop page says it will work on XP and Vista. Says nothing about Win7. Has anyone tried Brain Workshop on win7? I do not have the money for Luminosity or FitBrain but I sure don’t want to mess up my computer downloading it if BrainWorkshop doesn’t work right using win7. Thanks for any help!

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Sorry for the slow response.

From Suzanne Kantra on July 01, 2014 :: 3:03 pm

Sorry for the slow response. It does work on Win7 and Win8. I just installed the program and tried it.

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Waste of money

From Mark Davis on July 02, 2014 :: 1:02 pm

So the expert says these games are pretty much useless yet the article goes on to advertise them with their top pick of course being the most expensive.  I have to agree with the expert, these games are useless.  If you really want to exercise your brain, put that stupid game down, get off of the couch, and go live life.

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Dr. Fotuhi doesn't say brain

From Suzanne Kantra on July 03, 2014 :: 4:02 am

Dr. Fotuhi doesn’t say brain training games are useless.  Number two on his list of things you can do to improve your brain’s health is memory exercises, which the best brain training games can provide.

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