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How to Fix Bluetooth Pairing Problems

by on July 01, 2021
in Phones and Mobile, Computers and Software, Phone Accessories, Tips & How-Tos :: 768 comments

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Bluetooth is a popular method of wirelessly transferring data between two devices such as your phone and your headphones, your media player and a speaker, or your iPad and a keyboard. It’s one of the most widely used wireless technology in the world, according to the Bluetooth Special Interest Group. More than 4.6 billion Bluetooth products are expected to ship this year alone, and that number will likely increase to more than 6 billion per year by 2024.

Bluetooth is all great when it works. But if you’re someone who likes to play around with these kinds of connected gadgets, you know it can be frustrating when there’s a hang-up pairing the two. Here are some common causes of pairing problems as well as advice on what you can do about them.

Why Bluetooth pairings fail

Bluetooth logo - white logo on blue backgroundBluetooth depends on both hardware and software to work properly. So if your devices can't speak a common Bluetooth language, they won’t be able to connect.

In general, Bluetooth is backward compatible: Bluetooth devices supporting the Bluetooth 5 standard should still be able to pair with devices using, say, the ancient Bluetooth 2.1, launched back in 2007.

The exceptions are gadgets that use a low-energy version called Bluetooth Smart, which works on a different protocol than older, or "Classic" Bluetooth devices. Bluetooth Smart devices are not backward compatible and won't recognize (or pair with) older devices that support Classic Bluetooth. 

However, if a device supports Bluetooth 4.0 (in some cases), 4.2 (in most cases) or 5.0 and higher (in most cases), it should recognize both Bluetooth Smart and Classic. Bluetooth 4.0 devices will be officially labeled Bluetooth Smart Ready. In the case of Bluetooth 4.2 and 5 and higher, it's expected.

Gadgets that commonly use Bluetooth Smart include personal health gadgets such as fitness bands or heart-rate monitors. These gadgets will only pair with a smartphone or tablet that also uses Bluetooth Smart – or are Bluetooth Smart Ready.

Most smartphones are Bluetooth Smart compatible. That includes iPhones running iOS 7 and newer and Android phones running 4.3 or newer. Ensure your phone is running the latest version of its operating system – but if your device isn't new enough to run relatively current software, you may not be able to pair it with that fitness band.

Devices also come with specific Bluetooth profiles. If Bluetooth is the common language connecting devices, you can think of a profile as a dialect associated with a certain use. For example, you probably aren't going to be able to connect a mouse and a camera because a camera doesn’t support the Human Interface Device Profile. But if both a mobile phone and a wireless headset support the Hands-Free Profile, you should be able to pair them.

However, if the pairing failure is a matter of user error, there are steps you can take to get your devices happily communicating with each other.

What you can do about Bluetooth pairing failures

Phone screen showing it searching for Bluetooth devices to connect to

1. Make sure Bluetooth is turned on

You should see the little Bluetooth symbol at the top right of the screen if you have an Android device. For iOS and iPadOS, you'll need to go into the settings to enable and disable Bluetooth. Windows users will find Bluetooth in Settings > Devices > Bluetooth (or you may have a shortcut on your taskbar). Mac users will find a Bluetooth status icon on the menu bar.

2. Determine which pairing process your device employs

The process for pairing devices can vary. Sometimes, for example, it involves tapping a code into your phone or computer. Other times, you can just physically touch your phone to the device you want to pair it with (you'll see this option with phones and devices that have NFC, or Near Field Communications, as a feature. It's commonly found on Android phones). 

If you’re not sure how to pair a device, refer to its user guide; you can usually find one by searching online.

3. Turn on discoverable mode

Let’s say you want to pair your phone with your car’s infotainment system so you can enjoy hands-free calling, texting and navigation. First, go into your phone’s settings and tap on Bluetooth; doing so makes the phone visible to the car. Then depress the buttons on your car's infotainment system, usually on the steering wheel or center stack, to get it looking for the device.

Once it finds your phone, the car may ask for a numeric code that you'll need to confirm or input on your phone. After you do so, the devices should be paired. Keep in mind your phone or your car may only stay in discoverable mode for a few minutes; if you take too long, you’ll need to start over.

If your device is new, it will often be in pairing mode when you first turn it on. A good indicator that a device is in pair mode is if it blinks. If the device has been paired with another device, you'll need to turn on pairing mode. 

4. Make sure the two devices are in close enough proximity to one another 

While you wouldn’t think someone might try to pair an iPad with a keyboard if the two weren’t sitting right next to each other, it’s probably worth noting that you should make sure any devices you're trying to pair are within five feet of one other.

5. Power the devices off and back on

A soft reset sometimes can resolve an issue. With phones, an easy way to do this is by going into and out of airplane mode.

6. Remove old Bluetooth connections 

If you're having trouble pairing your phone with the speaker, it could be because the speaker is trying to connect with another phone, laptop or tablet. Some older speakers and headphones are very simple; they just try to connect with the last thing they paired with. If your headphones or speaker were previously paired with another phone, laptop or tablet, turn off that other device or Bluetooth. And if you are no longer planning on using your headphones or speaker with that device, unpair it to prevent future issues. In iOS settings, you can remove a device by tapping on its name and then Forget this Device. In Android settings, tap on a device’s name, then Unpair. After removing a device, start at step 1 on this list.

Some speakers and headphones can store pairing for multiple devices. However, there is a limit to the number of devices' pairing information that they can store. If you're having trouble pairing headphones or a speaker that have been paired to many devices in the past, you may need to reset your headphones or speakers to clear out all of the pairings so you can start fresh. Search "reset" and your device name for instructions from the manufacturer on your specific model.

7. Charge up both devices you're trying to pair

Some devices have smart power management that may turn off Bluetooth if the battery level is too low. If your phone or tablet isn't pairing, make sure it and the device you're trying to pair with have enough juice.

8. Delete a device from a phone and rediscover it

If your phone sees a device but isn’t receiving data from it, sometimes it helps to start from scratch. In iOS settings, you can remove a device by tapping on its name and then Forget this Device. In Android settings, tap on a device’s name, then Unpair. 

If you're deleting the device from your car, you may need to turn off your car after deleting the device, open and close the car door, and wait a couple of minutes before trying to pair the device again.

After removing a device, start at step 1 on this list.

9. Move away from the WiFi router

Another potential obstacle to successful pairing is interference from devices that use the same spectrum, such as your WiFi router. WiFi has been designed to cope with this, but it might not be a good idea to have your devices directly on top of the router.

10. Move away from your smart home devices

Some smart home devices use a wireless technology called Zigbee. You find Zigbee in smart home hubs, including Amazon's Echo Show and Echo Plus, as well as a wide range of smart door locks, light bulbs, in-wall switches, open/close sensor, plugs and more. Like WiFi, Zigbee devices use the same spectrum as Bluetooth devices and can interfere with pairing. Move away from your Zigbee devices when attempting to pair. 

11. Move away from a USB 3.0 port

Interference from USB 3.0 is also possible. Newer laptops, for example, often have the higher-speed USB 3.0 port, so if the connection isn't happening, try pairing your Bluetooth gadgets away from the computer.

12. Make sure the devices you want to pair are designed to connect with each other 

Whether it’s a headset, speaker, mouse, keyboard, camera or something else, your device has a specific profile that spells out what it can connect with. If you’re not sure, check the user manual.

13. Download a driver

If you’re having problems pairing something with your PC, you might be lacking the correct driver. The simplest way to figure this out is to do an online search for the name of the device you’re trying to pair along with the word “driver.”

14. Update the hardware’s firmware

Some automotive audio systems have been known to not pair with phones because the Bluetooth drivers in these systems didn’t work with Bluetooth 4.0. If you’re not sure how to get the latest firmware for your hardware, check with the device manufacturer.

15. Limit data shared between devices

Android and Windows devices let you choose the information you share between devices. So, for instance, you can choose to share phone audio, media audio, contacts and text messages with your car. If you don't need to share all of the data, deselecting one or more of the types of information may enable the devices to pair. 

For Android 10 devices, go to Settings > Connected devices and select the device. If there are options to select, they will appear. For Windows, go to Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Devices and Printers > right click on the Bluetooth device in question and select Properties. Then select the Services tab to choose which types of information to share.

16. Clear the Bluetooth cache

Sometimes apps will interfere with Bluetooth operation and clearing the cache can solve the problem. For Android phones, go to Settings > System > Advanced> Reset Options > Reset Wi-fi, mobile & Bluetooth. For iOS and iPadOS device, you'll have to unpair all of your devices (go to Setting > Bluetooth, select the info icon and and choose Forget This Device for each device) then restart your phone or tablet.

Not all wireless devices use Bluetooth

Keep in mind that not all wireless devices use Bluetooth. Alternatives include the Wireless Gigabit specification, Wireless HD, ANT+, ZigBee, NFC as well as Wi-Fi Direct. These other technologies typically won’t work with your phone, tablet or PC without some kind of additional hardware.

We hope this guide has helped you with your Bluetooth pairing problems. If you know of any tip we've missed, share in the comments below!

Updated on 7/1/2021

[Image credits: Bluetooth searching for networks and Bluetooth headphones with phone via BigStockPhoto]

For the past 20+ years, Techlicious founder Suzanne Kantra has been exploring and writing about the world’s most exciting and important science and technology issues. Prior to Techlicious, Suzanne was the Technology Editor for Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia and the Senior Technology Editor for Popular Science. Suzanne has been featured on CNN, CBS, and NBC.

Discussion loading

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From Status Wish on August 13, 2016 :: 8:17 am

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From Greg DeFrancesco on August 18, 2016 :: 3:05 am

After an hour looking at Samsung’s help and downloading 2 apps which didn’t help, I hit Google and came across your tips.

I tried two of them - move away from the router and use airplane mode.

Bam, the phone recognized the bluetooth headphones and I was connected in seconds.

Thanks for being a problem-solver.


Targus Bluetooth speaker mid#2550913 pairs ok, but not audio sound

From Lázaro on August 21, 2016 :: 3:01 am

My Targus speaker pairs with my iPhone, also pairs with my Macbookpro and with my Samsung tablet, the only problem is that the speaker lights work perfectly, the speaker also output sound when pairs and when it disconnects from whatever device is connected to, but it does not output any sound from audio or video players, thanks in advance for any help


Targus Bluetooth speaker mid#2550913 outputs phone audio but not media players audio

From Lázaro on August 21, 2016 :: 3:21 am

Misteriously my Targus Bluetooth speaker reproduces sound from phone calls but not from any of my iPhone 6 Plus media players, everything was working fine when I begin playing around with the speaker connecting it to my Macbookpro and a Samsung tablet I have, suddenly the speaker stopped working with all the devices, with the three devices I get the same result, the speaker pairs with no problem, speaker lights work perfect, you can hear the notification sound of the speaker pairing and also when it gets disconnected, you can also hear the play and the stop sound but not sound at all from media players, again, on a phone call, I can hear the phone dialing , I can talk and hear the caller but that is all, thanks for help


bluetooth passkey / pairing problem solved

From Joseph Collins on August 26, 2016 :: 3:00 am

I had the problem that my phone wouldn’t connect to my car system due to incorrect pin or passkey.
I downloaded an App from Play store (free) which is a multiplayer client - Click,Link,Compete.
Set your car Bluetooth to on and tell it to “pair new device”
Set your phone bluetooth to on.
Click on the App and it will ask to allow a Bluetooth connection - allow and then backspace to the menu and try to start the ‘Air Hockey client’ this will then try to connect to any blutooth device present and request a pin / passkey - select your car system and enter your pin - you will then be connected - its worked for me for two different car systems.


Thank you for bluetooth app

From Phil Carroll on May 11, 2020 :: 11:08 pm

Thank you for bluetooth app suggestion. Id tried everything! it worked!


iPhone 5s pairing with Polaroid pogo printer

From Jen on August 26, 2016 :: 10:59 pm

How do I pair my iPhone 5s with the Polaroid Pogo Bluetooth printer? Is there an app I could use?


showing keyboard icon

From prince on August 29, 2016 :: 1:37 pm

I’m trying to connect my Bluetooth headset S530 with my phone iball andi 4.5 enigma+. But when I’m switching on both the device. The Bluetooth device is showing on my phone but a keyboard icon is shown with it not the headset icon. What should I do?


From Attitude Shayari on August 31, 2016 :: 4:07 am

You can solve you problem with EL83s softwear that you easily help you to solve your problem.



From prince on September 20, 2016 :: 11:33 am

hi can you please tell me where can i find this software as i searched on Google and I’m not getting satisfied results. so if you may please share a link and tell me more about it. thanks..


Bluetooth pairing/passkey problems

From Joseph Collins on September 20, 2016 :: 2:47 pm

The software is to be found in the “App Store”
Search for “Click Link Compete”


What is Bluetooth? When was it discovered?

From yash on September 18, 2016 :: 5:03 am

This Bluetooth is commonly used to share the data between two different electronic devices. This is one of the most common integration in every phone in our daily life. Based on the working of this system many new inventions are come in these days. For example Bluetooth speakers, Wireless headset, Selfie stick etc..,. The latest […] learn more..

Answer link:



From on September 20, 2016 :: 7:49 am

The first time you use your iPhone with a Bluetooth headset, you need to sync the devices using a process called “Pairing.”
Here I found a usefull article on Fix Bluetooth Pairing Problems in Iphone



From Tim Podkrižnik on September 24, 2016 :: 3:34 am

My bluetooth deesnt iven turn on . any help



From Ron on September 30, 2016 :: 8:04 pm

Cannot get my Bluetooth Scanner to pair with my Samsung S4, tried everything, including calling the TI, and suggestions?


Pairing with TV Bluetooth transmitter.

From Rajesh on October 02, 2016 :: 10:14 pm

Just bought a Sharper Image Bluetooth transmitter for my TV but am unable to pair it with my Samsung android mobile as no device seen by mobile. Will it work with a mobile or only with bluetooth earphones? Any other solutions?


pairing won't stay

From Don Shelton on October 05, 2016 :: 6:09 pm

I have a AT&T flip phone with B/T pairing to a new 2016 Chevy Malibu.  I am able to pair and use the B/T but the next time I get in the car I have to pair my cell phone to the car again. Why won’t my cell phone stay paired?


Canton dm75/ ideausa atomic headphones

From Brian Willam on October 06, 2016 :: 4:09 pm

Why can’t I connect my headphones to the soundbox even though both are ” Bluetooth” enabled.The headphones connect to my iPad etc,Are you able to offer some advice to help solve this problem


Did you try the steps above?

From Josh Kirschner on October 07, 2016 :: 11:11 am

The steps in the article will resolve most issues.


FINALLY - figured out why my phone wouldn't pair

From Surie Bonvee on October 14, 2016 :: 7:23 pm

Auvio bluetooth speaker.  My laptop was already auto-pairing and can’t have 2 devices paired at once, so my phone could never pair!!  The list of things to check should include - un-pair other devices….


Mobile unable to communicate with soundbar

From Sandra on October 15, 2016 :: 10:21 am

I have a Goodmans GDSB04BT50 soundbar. The bluetooth worked with my iphone4 but I now have a SAmsung Galaxy S6 and it wont pair. The error message showing on my mobile states ‘unable to communicate with GDSB04BT50’.  It is not the soundbar as it pairs with other devices. Is this simply a bluetooth incompatability issue or a common fault that I dont know how to fix? Do you know how to fix it?


TDK Boombox pairing

From Lucien Fender on October 18, 2016 :: 3:21 pm

I have a 2 spkr TDK Boombox that works in Windows, but not in OSX. In OSX I can pair the speaker successfully, but when I switch the sound to output through the paired device, nada.


very simple

From Durai Sami on October 20, 2016 :: 12:38 am

Just do simple method connect your bluetooth headset with usb charging and push power on button now the headset pair will reset (note: the red light will blink red blue red blue red) and disconnect usb charger now turn on headset and easily pair with your phone


just do this method

From Durai Sami on October 20, 2016 :: 12:39 am

Just do simple method connect your bluetooth headset with usb charging and push power on button now the headset pair will reset (note: the red light will blink red blue red blue red) and disconnect usb charger now turn on headset and easily pair with your phone



From Old man on a bike on January 08, 2019 :: 2:55 pm

Thanks mate. I followed your instructions and finally got the bloody thing to work


problems connecting to bluetooth

From Mary Lynn Callen on February 28, 2019 :: 4:36 pm

I appreciate the help in this comment.  The directions I have with this gift of Cadence bluetooth headsets gave no troubleshooting help.  I followed the directions, and it was not discoverable. Being new headsets, I had them plugged in to charge.  I unplugged the USB, and BOOM!  It was discoverable, and connected!


Bluetooth of Huawei Y6 Pro

From Hewyear on November 05, 2016 :: 1:34 am

I have same problem with y mobile Huawei Y6 pro where i can not connect my wireless bluetooth device and i am unable to connect it.Screen shots of this error are given at



From Spojen on November 16, 2016 :: 11:02 am

So i have a MX Anywhere 2 mouse that dont show up on my computer after i “forgot” it. Is it a way to make it appear again? I`m using Windows 10 btw.


about blue tooth

From Muhammad Usama Akram on November 19, 2016 :: 6:00 am

Hello! I use blue tooth adapter and when I use Bluetooth thearting to PC so my connection is on .after some moment automatic threatening off why


ear buds

From David on November 22, 2016 :: 12:39 pm

I have Plantronics Backbeat Go 2 ear buds that worked on my old Nokia phone but my new Samsung J36V doesn’t recognize it.  It recognizes my fitbit watch.


Paired to car unit but audio not connected.

From PohLin Ho on November 26, 2016 :: 9:05 am

I recently bought a Huawei Mate 9. I paired it with my new VW Passat Variant. The phone works. I can make and receive calls from the car unit. However the media cannot work. It says"Device not connected”. The sound does not come out of my phone when played and neither does it come from the car unit.
Poh Lin


my note 2 pairs with

From erique on November 28, 2016 :: 7:11 am

my note 2 pairs with my Lg cm 9530 but streams delayed broken sound,it pair and plays clear on other Hoofers what can be the problem?


There's Bluetooth, and there's not

From Phlurim on December 04, 2016 :: 9:01 pm

The only thing I’ve learned here is that Bluetooth, like many other technological consumer products, is a buyers’ maze full of costly stumbling blocks. Vendor hype never seems to distinguish ALL the h/w and s/w that will and will not work with their Bluetooth products until AFTER the buyer has already researched and bought. As an electrical engineer, I feel I’m an above average tech person, but even I’ve gotten stung more than once by the vendors’ maze. It seems that new generations of a product are being sold without even minimal legacy compatibility. Buyers who would like the features of their product to continue to be usable for at least 4-5 years from purchase date, say, are simply SOL. I remember the fun I used to have devising work-arounds to use legacy versions of h/w or s/w. But products seem to have been “dumbed down” so much that buying new every couple years is becoming the only option. That generates a LOT of macro-economic waste!


Bluetooth h/phone won't play in both earcups and vise versa when using cable too.

From Amadu Rufayi on December 09, 2016 :: 4:10 am

I have a creative Bluetooth headphone wp380 hitz. The problem is it won’t play on one side of the earcup when connected to Bluetooth and vice versa when I connect it with cable also.Can anyone relate to this problem and pls give me a solution to this. Thank you.


From پیکی on December 09, 2016 :: 6:18 pm


Bluetooth Sound broken problem

From KAJARUBAN on March 11, 2018 :: 12:30 am

my Panasonic SC-VKX95 Hifi Setup when is Bluetooth Connecting not any issued but not clear and broken sound, but some other Place some device is clearly worked. what can be the problem please give me the any option


New Year Wallpapers For Laptop

From New Year Wallpapers For Laptop on December 10, 2016 :: 4:02 am


Blutooth trouble

From Kim lay on December 11, 2016 :: 4:22 pm

Why want my jabra bluetooth headset pair up with my lg g3 cell phone… It doesn’t give me option to pair headphones.. When unjust had a pair set up a week ago… What’s wrong


Fixed! Thanks!

From Darren Colton on December 11, 2016 :: 4:40 pm

My ipod & Bluetooth Headphones have worked great together for the past couple of months as the headphones are new but the ipod is like 5 years old! But all of a sudden they wouldn’t work & pair up together! (?!) No matter what I seemed to do nothing worked until now!! This suggestion here to get away from any wifi did the trick!!! So I took my ipod & Bluetooth headphones outside & far away from my wifi. Turned them both off & on & they instantly paired up again! Thanks!! smile



From Mahesh on December 13, 2016 :: 6:49 am

Its really working. Thanks for help


Bluetooth Headset wont connect

From Dárius Rus on December 16, 2016 :: 11:26 am

Hi. So I own a Qilive Q2103 wireless, bluetooth headset. Worked fine with my Samsung Note4 till today when It suddenly stopped the connection and wont connect even after I took a few tries. I removed the device from praied devices and now it doesnt find it…can some1 tip me with smth to fix it? I need music on the road :‘C


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From Jiya Mustehsan on December 18, 2016 :: 3:51 pm

Nice Post about how to repair Bluetooth.Keep it up.have Fun</div>


Thanks for your nice post,

From dilruba hasan on December 21, 2016 :: 6:33 am

Thanks for your nice post, it’s so much very informative post. Currently, Bluetooth headphone technology is very popular. Today we are not comfort using a wire or cable. That’s why Bluetooth headphones are used by millions of people every day for work and play.  Bluetooth phone comes in the market besides Bluetooth headphone which works as like Bluetooth headphone.
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Headphone problems

From Lucas on January 05, 2017 :: 12:20 am

I removed a pair of Bluetooth headphones from my laptop, now it’s not showing up on my list of discoverable devices.


BT makes butt itch

From IDtenT Error on January 15, 2017 :: 3:59 pm

When I turn my BT on, my bottom get numb.


I founnd this helpful --Thanks!

From Stewart Vriesinga on January 21, 2017 :: 9:05 pm

I was almost at the point of returning my JLAB Eclipse Supra Fit as defective because it couldn’t see Bluetooth devices. It wouldn’t list them, much less pair with them and repeatedly told my there were no Bluetooth device to connect to. I was frustrated and, in part because the store I bought it from was about to close, I looked on line. I found the manual and was following all the instructions correctly, and other devices—my laptop, my phone, my hearing aids,my tablet—were all connecting without problems. Or at least they WERE connecting, albeit not always to the device I wanted.

After reading your tips I moved away from the router and laptop, and made sure all devices other than the speaker I wanted to connect to were turned off, and it found the speaker and I was able to pair/connect it! Thanks!


Glad it worked!

From Josh Kirschner on January 22, 2017 :: 5:45 pm

These connection issues can be very frustrating so glad you got things working!


htc one s with a sony wireless MDR-RF811R STEREO HEADPHONES

From nambasi emmanuel on November 22, 2017 :: 10:46 am

I am quite confused with these headphones I just bought from my friend who also does not know how to connect them. The power button is a left to right switch which cannot be held to light blue like other divices I have been familiar with. Pliz help me with my excitement. Emah.


Car Bluetooth

From Marie on January 07, 2018 :: 11:04 pm


All of a sudden my husbands handsfree in the car is giving an interference sound on outgoing calls. Hard for google voice to hear his phone request but once connected it is normal connection. It’s a Samsung S5 and has just starting doing it in the last week or so. Have unpaired etc but doesn’t fix the noice. Can you think of what it could be plllleeeasse

Cheers Marie


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